Security Intellectual Proposals of the Paris and the Wales Schools

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abbas shati thjeel
Asst. Prof. Dr. Sanaa Kadhim Qati


The study discusses ''The Security Intellectual Proposals of the Paris and the Welsh Schools'', which are considered one of the most important contemporary European monetary schools that emerged in the nineties  of the twentieth century, and how did it approach the concept of security, criticizing the traditional trend that prevailed during the Cold War period regarding limiting the concept of security to the state or to the military aspect (National Security), and an attempt to expand the concept to economic, social and environmental dimensions, as well as political and military dimensions. The most important proposals that the Wales School provided are “Security as an emancipation policy”, “ individual security”, and “The role of the academic institution” depending on its intellectual origins on the ideas of Renaissance and Enlightenment philosophers such as Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau and Kant, after mixing it with the critical style of the Frankfurt School. While the Paris School deals with “globalization of security”, “collection and analysis”, and “The link between internal and external security”. Its intellectual origins are based on the approaches of Michel Foucault and Pierre Bourdieu.

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How to Cite
thjeel, abbas shati, & Qati, A. P. D. S. K. (2022). Security Intellectual Proposals of the Paris and the Wales Schools. Political Sciences Journal, (64), 117–140.


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